Bajka o podatkach - Donald Duck Tax
Polecam krótka historyjkę jak to w roku 1942 rząd Stanów Zjednoczonych zachęcał do płacenia podatków. Historię tego podatku możecie przeczytać poniżej - zapisana przez Fogyreefa. Bardzo ciekawy przypadek jak można oszukać społeczeństwo i na ich własne życzenie (mając do dyspozycji media) po prostu okradać.

This is a documentary short done by Disney for the Department of the Treasury to encourage people to pay their taxes early.

The following is from:

A year after the United States entered the Second World War the federal government needed additional revenues to pay for the war effort. Congress had given away much of the government's usual means of financing itself, printing its own money, when it created the Federal Reserve in 1913. A voluntary income tax had been in place for 29 years, but for Constitutional reasons, fewer than 11 percent of Americans had to pay the income tax at that time. As a result, Congress enacted into law the Victory Tax Act of 1942, which included concurrent law for automatic wage withholding. The Victory Tax was a direct tax on income. However Article 1, Section 2, Clause 3 of the U.S. Constitution requires that direct taxes be apportioned to the several states, not citizens directly, and therefore it was unconstitutional. The government attempted to legitimize these new laws by citing Article 1, Section 5, Clause 2 of the Constitution: "To support Armies but no apportionment for money to that use shall be a longer term than 2 years."

The new legislation gave Henry Morgenthau, then Secretary of the Treasury, two voluntary income taxes to which he needed the voluntary compliance of US citizens. In December 1942, Morgenthau came up with a brilliant idea to encourage Americans to volunteer to pay by making the income tax a patriotic duty. To help implement this idea, Morgenthau ordered John J. Sullivan, a Treasury Department official, to contact Walt Disney.

Remember there was no television in the early 40s. The only visual medium the government could use to reach the public were films at movie houses. Going to the movies was a popular pastime, and citizens usually attended nearly every week. Walt was asked to fly to D.C. to discuss an urgent special request. At first, Walt was reluctant, but Sullivan insisted. Sullivan did not disclose the purpose of this meeting, and Walt assumed it had to do with the promotion of War Bonds. The next day, when Mr. Disney arrived to meet with Morgenthau and Internal Revenue Commissioner Guy Helvering, it was announced that the U.S. wanted him to "help us sell people on paying the income tax." Confused, Walt questioned why the government just didn't jail people who did not pay the income tax. Mr. Helvering retorted, "Walt, we want people to be enthusiastic about paying their taxes." Walt did not know that an unconstitutional income tax could not be used to jail American citizens for non-payment. That was then.

The Spirit Of '43 makes no mention of the impending "withholding" from workers' paychecks, yet it is quite obviously intended to promote the desirability of withholding, if be it responsibly by oneself until quarterly payment came due. Beardsley Ruml, Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board of New York would later introduce pay-as-you-go tax withholding in the work place so citizens would never again be "caught short" on tax day.

The Same Voluntary Tax Remains Today.

The Victory Tax Act was renewed in 1944 and was to expire when the war was over, yet remains in effect today, codified under the Internal Revenue Code at code section 3402 in subtitle C - Wage and Employment Tax, not the "Income" Tax. When WWII was over, Washington simply could not let go of its newfound riches - the payroll tax the public had been conditioned to accept. The constitutionality of the Victory Tax Act was never challenged by the people of the United States. The psychology and influence [propaganda] developed in The Spirit of '43 through its use of surreal imagery and feelings of National Patriotism and civic duty to - as the narrator puts it... " pay your taxes gladly and proudly" to fight an evil and powerful enemy, "The Axis" of Germany and Japan, accomplished its goal to get Americans to pay this voluntary tax. Any citizen questioning the tax might as well be considered the enemy by the end of this film clip. This should provide you some insights into how we have progressed to this modern state of voluntary complacency about our tax burden when our government tells us it is for our own good. And most of us are not even legally required to pay taxes. We have been convinced to pay taxes by practices that evolved out of cartoon propaganda and a sense of war-time patriotism. Careful examination of the law will show that the meaning of income is not legally defined to mean your income. Most people only become a taxpayer by volunteering to file a tax report or withholding form. And the IRS won't tell you otherwise. No part of the Federal Government is constitutionally permitted to levy such a direct tax on citizens of States and no amendment to the Constitution has changed that, not even the 16th amendment.
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